What You Need to Know About Pregnancy Ultra Sound
Ultra sound is a procedure where ultrasonic waves are used chiefly for therapeutic and diagnostic purposes by getting pictures on internal organs and generation of localized heat to the body tissues. Additionally, ultrasound is used to monitor the fetus during pregnancy. Pregnancy ultra sound is the process of getting an image of the embryo through quantifying vibrations returned as the device used emits high-frequency sound waves.
An ultra sound, also referred to as a sonogram, is invited to pregnant women to monitor the developing fetus and also the woman’s reproductive organs. The number of times to conduct a sonogram changes from one pregnancy to another. One of the reasons for a pregnancy ultra sound is to screen for any complications that may be arising so that they may be taken care of. There are various sorts of ultra sound ranging from the conventional to more complex ones like 3-D ultra sound and 4-D ultrasound.
Why a Pregnancy Ultra Sound?
Sonograms are carried out during the various trimesters of pregnancy for a variety of reasons but can also be discouraged if there is no medical advantage. However, if from the previous blood test, a problem was discovered, your doctor can purchase for more ultra seems. Some parents, from curiosity use ultra sound to find out the sex of the child before birth.
During the first trimester, ultrasounds are done to confirm pregnancy, check the fetal heartbeat and also to diagnose miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. Additionally, they are used to determine the gestation age of the fetus and predict its due date and check for the possibility of multiple pregnancies.
During the second and third trimesters which starts from twelve weeks to birth, ultrasounds are used to monitor the development of the fetus and its position, determine the sex of the baby, monitor the levels of amniotic fluid and the length of the cervix as well as to detect any arising abnormalities.
Different Types of Ultra Sound
Transabdominal ultra sound
This is the most common with pregnancies and a full bladder is advised since sound waves travel faster in liquid. You lay down to around twenty minutes on your back as your supplier applies a thin coating of gel on your belly to help sound waves to move easily as you attempt to get the image.
The distinction of a transvaginal sonogram in the preceding one is that the provider moves a transducer to the birth canal as you lie on your back.
Additionally, there are sonograms completed on special cases as explained below.
3-D ultrasound involves taking a thousand pictures at once taking a 3-D image that is clearer almost like a photograph. It is used to ensure normal growth of the baby and sometimes for to find out of any issues with the uterus.
4-D ultra sound
4 -D ultra sound has no much difference with the 3-D ultrasound but its advanced as it shows the baby’s movements in a video.
A fetal echocardiography is carried out if your doctor detects some heart defects in your baby. It takes some time as compared to the standard ultra sounds. It’s capable of catching the heart constructions of the baby and helps analyze the hearts’ functioning thus diagnosing any heart issues.