Anxiety disorder is described as a condition where an individual has extreme anxiety which is an unpleasant state of inner turmoil together with some nervous behavior such as pacing back and forth as well as a fast heart rate and is one condition among many other mental disorders. The online counsellors are more accessible and convenient to the patients. A person suffering from anxiety disorder can also experience fear having a feeling of perceived danger or threat causing some changes in metabolic and organ function as well as ultimate change of behavior. Drugs and substance use, medical conditions such as endocrine disease which leads to hyperactivity of the nervous system and life stresses are some of the causes of anxiety disorder. There are other causes of anxiety disorder which include genetics where there is a family history of mental disorder and other risk factors in an individual’s environment such as child abuse, poverty as well as persistence of anxiety. Diagnosis of anxiety disorder is done if symptoms such as a headache, sweating, hypertension, and muscle spasms among others have been observed for at least six months in an individual. Anxiety disorders should not cause alarm to patients as it can be countered by the online counselors.
Generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, panic disorder as well as selective mutism are the major forms of anxiety disorder. An individual suffering from generalized anxiety disorder will have long-lasting anxiety which is not focused on any object or situation with an individual experiencing persistent fear and worry with great concern on everyday matter. Specific phobia is an anxiety disorder where fear and anxiety is always triggered by an encounter with a specific situation or stimulus which can range from animals or some fluids. Panic disorder is triggered by stress, fear or exercise causing abrupt fear and discomfort peaking in a few minutes and can last for hours which leads to trembling, shaking, confusion and even nausea and difficulty in breathing. A person suffering from social anxiety disorder avoids most social gathering as he/she fears negative public scrutiny, embarrassment, humiliation as well as the normal social interaction. Separation from certain individuals or places may make a person to suffer from separation anxiety disorder. Selective mutism is similar to social anxiety disorder where an individual is unable to speak in certain locations as well as to specific people.
Anxiety disorder can be treated through lifestyle and behavior change, medication together with therapy. Lifestyle and behavior change includes practices such as stopping drug and substance abuse, ensuring the sleep patterns are regular as well as doing some exercises. Cognitive behavioral therapy enhances development of personal coping strategies that improves cognition, behaviors and emotional regulation. Anxiety disorder can also be managed by looking out for online counsellors who can offer free or charged therapy to individuals suffering from the condition. Prescribed medication can be administered to individuals suffering from anxiety disorder to improve the condition.